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SOVA is an independent government service. It discharges its functions on a statutory basis and in accordance with the priorities set by the Government on the basis of the National Security Programme adopted by the National Assembly.

Article 2 of the SOVA Act specifies three basic functions of the Agency:

  • to collect information
  • to evaluate information
  • to provide information from abroad or relating to foreign countries.

The Agency's area of work covers intelligence and counter-intelligence as well as the security aspects.

The intelligence activity involves collecting information from abroad relevant for safeguarding the security, political and economic interests of the state. As it is not possible to carry out an efficient intelligence activity without the support of counter-intelligence and vice versa, the intelligence and the counter-intelligence work in the Agency intertwine also in collecting information on organizations, groups and persons who, through their activities abroad or in connection with foreign entities, constitute or could constitute a threat to the national security and constitutional order.

The Agency's activity in the security field is carried out in cooperation with the relevant state bodies and services, in particular those whose main subject of concern is the security of the country. This cooperation is particularly important for security vetting and providing information relevant to the security of certain persons, posts, bodies, facilities and areas. However, it needs to be pointed out that the Agency obtains such information in the process of discharging its duties in collecting information from abroad or in connection with foreign entities.

When performing the tasks as defined in the Article 2 of the SOVA Act, the Agency cooperates and exchanges information also with foreign intelligence and security services and this way contributes to ensuring national and international security.

The Agency informs the Prime Minister of its findings and, when the matter concerned is within their prerogatives, also the President of the Republic, the President of the National Assembly and the relevant ministers as well as other bodies of state administration, to whom it also furnishes information related to their respective areas of work in order to enable them to propose or adopt certain measures. Upon the Agency's request, the state bodies are bound to furnish data and information relevant to the discharge of its functions.